The history of psychology in India comes from an ancient Hindu religious text called Shrimad Bhagavad Gita.
In Shrimad Bhagavad Gita, Krishna plays the role of a psychologist and Arjuna as his client.
Krishna is said to be one of the powerful incarnations of Lord Vishnu. In the epic battle of Kurukshetra described in the Mahabharata was fought in about 3000 BC. In the middle of the war, Krishna delivered his famous advice, which forms the crux of the Shrimad Bhagavad Gita.
Arjuna, one of the five Pavanda brothers, son of Lord Indra and a toxophilite. Arjuna attained all the powerful weapons with him. And he could easily kill all his enemies. But he was drowning in distress and thousands of agitating thoughts were tingling on his mind.
From chapter 1 to 18 in the Gita, Shri Krishna often voiced Arjuna, “Your mind is your great friend if you control it, but your mind is your greatest enemy if it controls you.”
According to modern psychology, Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) – a short term talking therapy, which helps people to acquire skills to identify the problem and helps to change the destructive and disturbing thinking patterns. The Ex-Indian Medical Association President KK Aggarwal had stressed, “CBT comes from Shrimad Bhagavad Gita.”
Also, he said, Krishna held 18 counselling sessions for Arjuna, where Arjuna narrates his symptoms and Krishna counsels him in great detail which he claims as Modern Talk Therapy.
Even if there some critical differences in the modern western model of psychotherapy influenced by Sigmund Freud, but we can’t deny the fact that it has similarities.